Until the 1950s mechanization played only a minor role. The emphasis on biological technology was supported by conscious government choice: in the late nineteenth century Japan imported machinery from the United States, but did not find it useful. It then hired biologists from Germany to assist in developing its biological research program, which was successful. The United States, however, emphasized mechanical technology even before 1880. Although publicly funded biological research was initiated in the 1870s, it did not produce big increases in yields until about 1930, well after the major land frontiers had been closed and mechanization was far advanced.

Machinery Fantastic is Awesome Machine videos CenterThese renewable sources are normally processed off-farm and sold nationally or regionally and, as such, are not considered as a local autonomous power supply for agriculture. In the future,

it is likely that the diesel oil supply will dwindle and may eventually run out. As such, governments and appropriate agencies may wish to encourage the development of an infrastructure for processing and distribution of diesel fuel alternatives to cope with such a scenario.

Japanese technologists have pioneered the state-of-the-art technology in mechanized transplanting, which hitherto had been (and still remains) a highly labor intensive operation. Exciting innovations have occurred in sowing including the use of air pressure in precision seeders (both positive and negative, e.g. vacuum seeders), monitoring of seed metering and sowing rates using sensors, and fluid drilling (a method of sowing pregerminated seed suspended in a pumpable gel).

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